Marquis, which is Ponazuril or Toltrazuril, toltrazuril, Albon, which is Sulfadimethoxine, or Corid, which is Amprolium. I personally prefer Toltrazuril because Toltrazuril works really well, however, it has a really long withdrawal time, so I would recommend using Albon, which is Sulfadimethoxine, instead if you are raising meat goats or 4-Haunted goats.
At normal rates of water intake, drugs would give a dose of about 10mg of amprolium/kg (2.2lb) of body weight. The dose is one mL per five pounds of weight given by mouth in a swab to prevent or one mL per three pounds of weight to treat. After treatment, children are given injections of B vitamins for seven days, dosed at 1 cc per 25 pounds weight. At the end of a five-day treatment with antibiotics, replenish a goat’s gut with living bacteria by dosing it with oral probiotics.
Orally immerse each goat individually to ensure precise dosing, even when the water source for the herd is also infused. A seriously dehydrated goat should be given livestock electrolytes (Bounce Back, ReSorb, etc) in both an oral drench and its water supply. Whatever you do, make sure you are keeping the animal well-hydrated with clean water and electrolytes to keep it from becoming dehydrated. Prevent scurvy by keeping your pen and bedding clean, your water cool, goats free of manure, and areas dry.
Coccidiosis is mostly associated with factory farming systems where sheep and goats are confined to sheds, with sheep and goats living on ad hoc, arid lots. A notable exception is toxoplasma gondii, which causes coccidiosis in cats and may cause abortions in sheep, goats, and humans. There are 12 different species of coccidian pest, Eimeria, that infect goats, but only two of them are problematic (E. arloingi and E. ninakohlyakimovae).
When the coccidians eat the corid(r), they suffer a thiamine deficiency and die from malnutrition. Although uncommon, polioencephalomalacia (thiamine deficiency) has been reported as a side effect of treatment with amprolium .
Corid (amprolium) is not effective against all stages (there are two stages of coccidia life) of coccidia, therefore, treatment for five days may have to be repeated. A recent study showed that a single dose of Ponazuril (10 mg/kg) was as effective as five days of treatment with Corid (50 mg/kg) in decreasing the number of oocysts of coccidia in goats. It is certainly easier to administer one dose of Baycox than to administer one dose of Corid (amprolium) and vitamin B every day to several goats. One limitation to water therapy is there is no guarantee every animal gets the required dose of medicine.
We have never had a mature goat come in with the burden of Coccidia, but if we did, I would use the same treatment dose. If we do get a stool sample that has a large coccidia burden, we will treat the goat with a prevention dose on day one (1 cc of 10 pounds of Di-Methox by mouth) for 5-7 days. To treat a herd already infected with coccidia, give each baby three to five ccs of Undiluted Di-Methox 12.5% liquid by mouth every day for five days.
If the liquid Di-Methox 12.5 % orally-diluted solution does not work, Primor tablets (prescription) will be administered. When faced with Coccidiosis in goats, I would begin Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim Oral Suspension in the animal with very watery diarrhea, and switch to Di-Methox 12.5 % liquid oral solution once stool started achieving pudding-like consistency.
If you are seeing diarrhea in a young goat that is not a result of milk being overfed (which can and does, occur routinely if bottle feeding), I would take the fecal sample to a vet right away and get them tested for Coccidiosis. The only way to get a definitive diagnosis of coccidiosis in goats is by doing a stool-float test. For a satisfactory diagnosis, microscopic examination of feces must be done prior to treatment.
Although the goat might have a few fecal microbes, if the number becomes too large, and the burden becomes too large, then we say that the goat has Coccidiosis. Coccidiosis in goats is spread by contact with infected stool, and the disease takes between five to 13 days for the goat to show symptoms following contact. If you are seeing diarrhea in your goat’s flock — particularly in young children — it is very possible your animals are suffering from coccidiosis.
Remember, taking your goats to shows may put stress on them, or expose them to a new strain of coccidia. However, it is worth the effort to prevent coccidia, because doing so will ensure your goats are healthy and can fulfill their genetic potential.
Nearly all adult goats will have a little bit of coccidia present in their systems, but their strong immune systems will prevent them from being affected. We give the babes the preventative for coccidia until they are about 6-8 months old and ready for breeding. Now that we have a much larger herd (we had 149 babies born in 2017), we are using Deccox M to treat coccidia initially.
For sheep and goats showing clinical signs of coccidiosis, several treatment options are available (in the United States), including the drugs sulfa, tetracycline, and amprolium. While corid(r) can be purchased, sulfa drugs should be obtained from a veterinarian, since the transition from over-the-counter drugs to prescriptions of a dissolved substance has occurred since the 2017 veterinary feed directive. Corid comes in dosages per body weight, with tablets scored to allow them to be divided in half to allow precise dosing.
The goats who will need the product most are probably at the lower end of the pecking order, and they will receive the lowest amount if you attempt bulk dosing through just water. Unless the goat is already deficient, that is when you could run into problems, as well as drastically overdosing. Sheep and goats regularly swallow eggs every day via their stool, infected feed, and water, or licking themselves or another animal.