what can cats eat

Do you ever find yourself wondering what you can safely feed your feline friend? It is important to be mindful of what you offer your cat to ensure their health and well-being. Cats are obligate carnivores, meaning their diet should primarily consist of meat. However, there are some human foods that can be safely incorporated into their diet. On the flip side, there are also numerous dangerous foods that must be avoided at all costs. In this informative blog post, we will explore the dos and don’ts of feeding your cat to help you make the best choices for their health.

Key Takeaways:

  • Cats can eat certain fruits and vegetables: While cats are obligate carnivores, they can safely consume small amounts of certain fruits and vegetables such as blueberries, cantaloupe, and green beans.
  • Protein is essential for a cat’s diet: A cat’s diet should primarily consist of high-quality protein from sources such as meat, fish, and eggs to meet their nutritional needs.
  • Certain human foods are toxic to cats: Foods such as chocolate, onions, garlic, and caffeine are harmful to cats and should be avoided at all costs.
  • Cats should have access to fresh water at all times: It is important for cats to have access to clean, fresh water throughout the day to stay hydrated and maintain proper kidney function.
  • Consult with a veterinarian before introducing new foods: Before adding any new foods to your cat’s diet, it is important to consult with a veterinarian to ensure that the food is safe and appropriate for your cat’s individual needs.

Safe Human Foods for Cats

Assuming you want to offer your feline friend some human food, it’s essential to know what is safe for them to consume. While your cat’s diet should primarily consist of high-quality cat food, there are some human foods that can be safely incorporated into their diet as treats. These foods can provide some variety and added nutrition to their meals, but it’s important to introduce them gradually and in moderation.

Meats Cats Can Safely Consume

When it comes to meats, there are several options that are safe for your cat to eat. Cooked lean meats such as chicken, turkey, and beef can be a tasty and protein-packed addition to their diet. Just make sure to remove any bones and excess fat before offering it to your cat. Always ensure that the meat is thoroughly cooked and free from any seasonings or marinades, as these can be harmful to your cat’s digestive system.

Fruits and Vegetables Suitable for Cats

While cats are primarily obligate carnivores, meaning their diet should consist primarily of meat, some fruits and vegetables can be safe for them to consume in small amounts. For example, you can offer your cat small portions of cooked or steamed carrots, green beans, or squash. Additionally, fruits such as blueberries, bananas, and apples (without seeds) can be a healthy and low-calorie treat for your feline friend. However, be mindful that fruits and vegetables should only make up a small part of your cat’s diet, and the majority of their nutrition should come from animal-based sources.

Other Safe Snacks and Treats

In addition to meats, fruits, and vegetables, there are other human foods that can serve as safe snacks and treats for your cat. Cooked eggs, either scrambled or hard-boiled, can be a great source of protein for your cat. You can also offer your cat some plain, unsalted cooked fish as an occasional treat. However, keep in mind that these should only be given in small amounts and should not replace their regular cat food. Always ensure that any human foods you offer to your cat are safe, fresh, and free from any harmful additives or seasonings.

By incorporating safe human foods into your cat’s diet in moderation, you can provide them with some variety and added nutrition. It’s important to remember that their primary source of nutrition should always come from a balanced, high-quality cat food. Remember to consult with your veterinarian before making any significant changes to your cat’s diet.

Foods to Avoid

Your feline friend may have a curious nature, but there are certain foods that you should never feed them. While some human foods are safe for cats and can even provide additional nutrients, others can be harmful or toxic. For a comprehensive list of human foods that are safe for your cat, you can check out What Human Foods Can Cats Eat? from Purina.

Toxic Foods for Cats

There are several common foods that are toxic to cats and should always be avoided. Some of these include onions, garlic, chocolate, alcohol, caffeine, and xylitol, which is a sugar substitute often found in gum and candy. These substances can cause severe health issues, including liver failure and even death, if ingested by your cat. It’s crucial to keep these items out of reach and securely stored to prevent any accidental ingestion.

Hazardous Food-Related Items

In addition to specific food items, there are also hazardous food-related items that you should be mindful of. For example, keep dental floss, string, and rubber bands out of your cat’s reach, as they can be a choking hazard and also cause intestinal blockages if swallowed. Additionally, be cautious with bones, as they can splinter and cause harm to your cat’s digestive system. By being aware of these potential dangers, you can ensure the safety and well-being of your feline companion.

Feeding Guidelines

Keep in mind that just like humans, cats have their own unique dietary needs. When it comes to feeding your feline friend, there are a few general guidelines you should follow to ensure that they stay healthy and happy. Whether you choose to feed them a commercial cat food or prepare their meals at home, it’s important to keep a few key factors in mind.

Portion Control and Treat Limits

When it comes to portion control, it’s important to remember that overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health issues in cats. As a general rule, you should aim to feed your cat according to the guidelines provided on their specific food packaging. Treats should be given sparingly and should not make up more than 10% of their total daily caloric intake. Too many treats can lead to nutritional imbalances and weight gain, so it’s important to monitor your cat’s treat consumption carefully.

Understanding Commercial Cat Food Labels

When selecting a commercial cat food for your pet, it’s crucial to understand how to read and interpret the labels. Look for a statement from the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) on the package, indicating that the food is complete and balanced. Check the ingredient list to ensure that the food contains high-quality sources of protein and is free from artificial additives and fillers. Additionally, pay attention to the guaranteed analysis, which details the levels of protein, fat, and other nutrients in the food.

Special Dietary Considerations

Now, let’s talk about some special dietary considerations when it comes to feeding your feline friend. Cats have specific needs that can vary depending on their age and health conditions. It’s important to consider these factors when planning their diet.

Dietary Needs for Kittens Versus Adult Cats

When it comes to feeding kittens versus adult cats, there are a few key differences to keep in mind. Kittens require a diet that is rich in protein and fat to support their rapid growth and development. Look for specially formulated kitten food that meets these needs. Adult cats have different requirements, needing a more balanced diet to maintain their weight and overall health. You may need to adjust the portion sizes and frequency of feeding as your cat ages.

Managing Special Health Conditions Through Diet

If your cat has a specific health condition, their dietary needs may change accordingly. For example, cats with diabetes may benefit from a diet that is low in carbohydrates to help regulate their blood sugar levels. Cats with kidney disease may require a diet that is low in phosphorus. It’s important to work closely with your veterinarian to determine the best diet for your cat’s specific health needs.

What Can Cats Eat

Conclusively, it’s important to ensure that your cat’s diet consists of balanced and nutritious foods. Avoiding toxic foods such as chocolate, onions, and garlic is crucial for your cat’s health. Additionally, providing a well-rounded diet of protein, fat, and carbohydrates through high-quality cat food, occasional treats, and fresh water is essential for your cat’s well-being. Focusing on the specific dietary needs of your individual cat, such as age, weight, and health conditions, will help you make informed decisions about what your feline friend can eat. Ultimately, paying close attention to your cat’s diet will ensure that they are happy and healthy for years to come.


Q: What can cats eat?

A: Cats can eat a variety of foods, including meat, fish, and certain fruits and vegetables. It’s important to ensure that their diet is balanced and appropriate for their nutritional needs.

Q: Can cats eat fish?

A: Yes, cats can eat fish, but it should be given in moderation. Fish can be a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids for cats, but too much can lead to nutritional imbalances and other health issues.

Q: What foods should cats avoid?

A: Cats should avoid certain foods such as chocolate, caffeine, onions, garlic, and grapes, as these can be toxic to them. Additionally, many human foods high in fat and sodium can cause digestive upset and other health problems in cats.

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